Standardized Tests


PhD Programs:
The GRE General Test is required of applicants for admission to the Economics doctoral program.

The following are in effect for this application cycle:

  • For PhD in Comparative Human Development applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will be optional.
  • For PhD in Conceptual and Historial Studies of Science applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will be optional.
  • For PhD in History applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will not be required. 
  • For PhD in Political Science applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will be optional.
  • For PhD in Psychology applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will be optional but recommended.
  • For PhD in Social Thought applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will not be accepted or reviewed as part of the admissions process.
  • For PhD in Sociology applications with a Fall 2021 start, the GRE will be optional.

MA Programs:
Please check the MA program websites for the most current information. MAPSS, for example, does not require GRE scores for applicants in some disciplinary concentrations.

All Programs:
We do not require or accept Subject Tests for admission in any of our departments.

The University of Chicago’s institutional code for ETS is 1832; we will receive scores sent to any department code.

Where required, review committees expect strong scores across every section of the exam, and a high GRE score is an important component of a competitive application. GRE scores cannot be older than five years from the exam date. UChicago does not have a minimum, average, or cut-off score requirement. In the case of an applicant having taken multiple tests, the overall best test date is used for review purposes.

Applications that do not have a complete set of scores and percentages at the time of review will be considered incomplete and will be reviewed as such. If your application is reviewed without GRE scores, you will be unable to matriculate without official GRE scores on file.

Tests of English Language Proficiency

Applicants to the Division of the Social Sciences and the University of Chicago who do not meet the criteria below must submit proof of English language proficiency. The score level required for admission varies by program. Only the TOEFL iBT or IELTS Academic tests are accepted as proof of proficiency.

Waiver Criteria

English has been a primary language of communication and schooling for you since childhood; or you were enrolled for at least one academic year in full-time status in a course of study at an accredited English-medium post-secondary institution in one of the following countries or territories within the past ten years: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Canada, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong, Ireland, Jamaica, New Zealand, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Singapore, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom, the United States.

Education in English-medium institutions in other countries or territories does not qualify for the exemption.

Acceptable Tests

In order to meet the proof of proficiency requirement, students may submit either:

  • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) internet-based test (iBT) or
  • International English Language Testing System (IELTS) Academic  – Note: applicants are required to take the Academic Reading/Writing test within IELTS, not the General Training Reading/Writing test.
  • Any other proficiency tests, exams, equivalent coursework, certificate/certifications, endorsement from faculty, and/or other measurement other than the TOEFL or IELTS are not accepted.

Score Requirements

  • For programs in the Social Sciences except the PhD in Economics: Minimum requirements for the TOEFL iBT: no less than 25 in each of the four sections.
  • For the PhD in Economics: Minimum requirements for the TOEFL iBT: no less than a total score of 90.
  • Minimum required scores in the IELTS for all programs in the Social Sciences: overall score of 7, with sub scores of 7 in each section.

Please see the UChicagoGRAD Proof of English Proficiency webpage for more detail about this policy.