Committees & Centers

TODAY! Neubauer Collegium Director's Lecture with David I. Kertzer: Mussolini, the Pope, and Italy’s Racial Laws

Mussolini, the Pope, and Italy’s Racial Laws

In 1938, Mussolini surprised many Italians—not least Italy’s Jews—by proclaiming a new “racial” policy, setting a pure Italian race against a foreign, noxious Jewish race. He soon followed this with a series of racial laws that stripped the Jews of their rights as citizens, removed them from their jobs and professions, and cast all Jewish students out of the public schools.