My dissertation examines the process of village formation through an archaeological investigation of building practices in the hyper-arid core of the Atacama Desert (northern Chile). Centering on the construction of architectural spaces, my research tracks long-term networks of human and technological entanglements to provide insights into everyday lives, ordinary practices, and the material histories of pre-Hispanic communities living in this arid region between 800 BCE and 500 AD--what is known regionally as the Formative Period.
Thanks to the generous support of the Orin Williams Fund, I was able to conduct two months of dissertation research in Scotland this autumn quarter. The first four weeks of my trip allowed me to investigate the Istvan Hont archive at the St Andrews Institute for Intellectual History. I initially became interested in Hont because my dissertation aims to answer why David Hume engages with Niccolò Machiavelli as much as he does.
Archival research, which, somewhat inadvertently, has become the methodological foundation of my dissertation has proven to be a fantastically rewarding experience for me. The inherent thrill of historical discovery, and even the process of (gingerly!) engaging material that is hundreds of years old, undeniably contributes to the excitement one might derive from archival research. But this is not the whole story.
This grant supported my dissertation research examining the social worlds of homeless youth in Mexico City. Though difficult to enumerate, it is estimated that there are millions of youth living and or working on the street worldwide, the majority being found in large cities of the global south. These youth are the city’s most vulnerable residents.
My dissertation examines the rise of group-based legislative representation as a response to structural economic inequality in colonial India. Tracing demands for participation in law-making bodies between 1880 and 1950, I reconstruct how representative government was seen as a response to the particular problems of colonial capitalism. I underline how critiques of free markets and liberal political economy informed a discourse of representative government that was shared by a number of Indian political thinkers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
My dissertation examines the relationship between industrialization (the development of infrastructure, the standardization of commodities, and the development of a labouring class) and settler colonialism in the context of early twentieth-century meat-packing plants in Edmonton, Alberta. Turning beyond the florescence of meat-packing as a dominant industry in Edmonton (1900-1940s), my research tracks how different legacies from that period endure into the present both materially and as contested objects of discourse.
The Division of the Social Sciences Research Grant — made possible by the Orin Williams Fund — supported my archival research trip to Honolulu, Hawaii during the summer months of 2016. The majority of my time was split between the Hawaii State Archives, the Bishop Museum, and the Hawaiian Mission Houses. Indeed, Honolulu was a thought-provoking location for delving into Hawaii's historic past, including the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when the U.S. government aided in the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy and later annexed the Hawaiian Islands.
Legal scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw coined the term “intersectionality” to explain, “...the various ways in which race and gender interact to shape the multiple dimensions of Black women’s...experiences.”  As such intersectionality is the central organizing theory for my dissertation in which I ask how black women activists contended with their multiple identities while working toward racial empowerment during the long struggle for civil rights.
On any given day in the United States, over 400,000 individuals are in jail awaiting trial (Wagner and Sakala 2014) at a cost of 9 billion dollars per year (Holder 2011). In addition, the combined population of local jails grew by 20% between 2000 and 2014, with 99% of the growth due to the expanded pretrial jail population (Wagner 2015).