Social Sciences Blog
The First Historical Archive (di yi li shi dang an guan) stores a large archive treasure about the history of Qing China (1644-1911). Now the original archives are not accessible for researchers. Instead, the Archive permits researchers to view the reproduced documents: the microfilms and the digitized archives. A lot of archives are accessible in both forms, including the legal documents I am interested in.
This past quarter, with the help of a SSD short-term research grant, I was able to spend a month in Washington D.C. and six weeks in London to conduct research towards my dissertation on psychoanalysis, pedagogy, and politics in Interwar Vienna. While the bulk of research for the project was completed over ten months in Vienna the previous year, the fact that the lives and careers I study were interrupted by the rise of fascism necessitated a number of follow-up months in the two countries most exiled Viennese psychoanalysts made their home in the late-1930s.
My dissertation work revolves around the analysis of political economic processes and organizations in prehistoric Mongolia. Specifically, the time period under investigation is the transition between the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age (ca. 1500-500 BC). During this epoch, previous archaeological studies suggest that during this period of transformation the population experienced a radical shift in subsistence practices and political organization.
The growth of American finance over the past half-century has been phenomenal. Representing only 10% to 15% of total profits in the US economy in the 1950s and 1960s, financial sector profits rose to account for 30% in the mid-1980s and 40% in 2001. Despite a record loss in profits during the recent financial crisis, US finance quickly recovered, bringing its profit share of the economy back to well above 30% by 2010. What explains this remarkable transformation of the US economy?
My dissertation research concerns the history of Collective Investigation, a late nineteenth-century international movement that involved the attempt to produce a new science of clinical medicine through the collection and distillation of clinical observations from large numbers physicians. The movement aimed to circulate knowledge from the center to the periphery and back again on the back of paper cards. These cards were designed by expert committees to capture the clinical information essential to a disease such as pneumonia or diphtheria.
In the summer of 2014, with the generous support of the Social Science Division’s summer grant, I was able to complete one of my dissertation chapters that deals with audience participation programs in the early Japanese television history (1953-73). Japanese television has been known for its sensational entertainment shows with violence, obscenity and nonsensical comedies. Since its inception in 1953, Japanese television has presented several entertainment programs that provoked fierce criticism of the “vulgarity” of television.
In the last few years, several researchers have shown great interest in both: level and cyclical behavior of the labor wedge - the ratio between the marginal rate of substitution (MRS) and the marginal productivity of labor (MPL)-. According to the neoclassical theory, after controlling for taxes and subsidies this ratio should be constant. Interestingly, many of these papers have shown that the labor wedge is actually counter-cyclical, that is, that this gap increases in recessions.
My research and writing focuses on the Republicans of the Civil War era and how they ultimately reconciled a sincere commitment to two incompatible goals -- destroying the power of slaveholders while preserving the antebellum Constitutional structure of the Union. An adequate solution to the specific issues of ending slavery and protecting black civil rights required a much broader reconceptualization of the American political system as a whole. But, crucially, most Republicans did not see it that way at the time.
My research focuses on the circulation of discourse around complaints that see ‘vulgar’ television comedy programming as a potentially negative social influence on youth in Japan. Such complaints frequently center the potential for schoolchildren to imitate (mane) comedic routines and speech without fully appreciating the social impact on those around them. Such discourses argue that what appears as a funny teasing imitation to some may actually become painful bullying (ijime) in the experience of others.
This summer, thanks to grants from the Division of the Social Sciences at the University of Chicago and the Project on Middle East Political Science at the George Washington University, I had the unique opportunity of conducting research in Iraqi Kurdistan at a momentous, yet difficult time in the region’s recent history. I had planned to come to Iraqi Kurdistan to study how the Kurdish liberation movement had used international diplomacy to advance its cause over the past several decades.