Social Sciences Blog
Security check cleared, required entry permit in hand, I head to the Lower House building at the Jordanian Parliament to start my SSD-funded summer research on public discourse on corruption in Jordan since the late-1980's. I find Rula, the last remaining librarian that day, a 17-year old who had started working there two months prior to her completing her high-school examination (General Certificate of Secondary Education).
If the government would agree to move them to Kilamba (a new Chinese-built satellite city for the middle class), Miguel explained that I would come back to the neighbourhood to find everyone had already voluntarily relocated. He and others were facing forced removal to a poorly built set of matchbox houses in Zango, a resettlement area on the edge of Luanda province. Having launched a protest against the removal, they were waiting for what the response to their demands would be.
I am writing a dissertation on private agency adoption in Chicago, which involves the circulation of predominantly black infants and children from the South and West sides of the city (as well as international “sending countries” such as Haiti and Liberia) to primarily white adoptive families.
The practice of yunani medicine in India today is one of the signs of the Arab engagement with Hellenic knowledge systems in the medieval Mediterranean world. While histories of renaissance Europe acknowledge a debt to Arabic translations of Greek classics which coincided with the modernization of medical knowledge in that period, an examination of the legacy of that same textual tradition in modern India is a neglected area in the global history of medicine.
The 2007-2009 recession caused unemployment rates to increase, GDP growth to falter, and housing prices to collapse. High unemployment was originally caused by the destruction of the recession, but lingering high unemployment suggests that a larger structural change may have occurred. In research pursued over the summer of 2013, I estimated a multidimensional stock of skills, and the prices of those skills over time.
To most contemporary observers, the War on Drugs is a central issue in the history of the United States through the 20th and now, 21st century. The struggle to control the distribution and consumption of “drugs” has provided historians of the United States a fascinating focal point of study because it is a struggle that interconnects so many conflicts.
The terms of my SSD grant called for a photograph, but the woman with the gun was adamant that I delete the picture I had just taken. The photo captured a giant globe and a banner: “Welcome to the Library of Congress.” The image seemed—loosely—to link the archive with my research into the moral and ethical justifications of coercion and violence in mid-20th century American liberal internationalism. Globe = internationalism. A little lame, but I was running out of time.
In the last forty years, federal and state laws in the U.S. have dramatically strengthened the enforcement and collection of child support from non-resident parents. Beginning in 1975 with Part D of the Social Security Act, and followed by key pieces of federal legislation including the 1984 Child Support Enforcement Amendments, the 1988 Family Support Act, and the 1996 Welfare Reform Act.
The amygdala, a brain region that responds to biologically and socially salient stimuli (Aldophs, 2010), has been shown to preferentially respond to the perception of outgroup members, that is, Black individuals for White perceivers. It has been suggested that negative evaluations of Black individuals by White perceivers account for the preferential recruitment of the amygdala (Kubota, Banaji, & Phelps, 2012). Indeed, preferential amygdala activity in response to Black targets tends to be apparent in perceivers with more prejudicial attitudes (Phelps et al., 2000).
Patients often have different understandings of medical practice from those of their healthcare providers. Such asymmetries can have significant implications for decision-making. How, then, do patients manage to give what counts as ‘informed consent’ to participate in medical treatment and research? This is not meant as a rhetorical question. Communication does take place in spite of the incomplete sharedness of concepts. In fact, it must take place; the stakes for both parties can be very high.